Ingredients – SUPER-OLI

Ingredients

Introduction

Oleolive LLC, the creator of SUPER-OLI, is dedicated to transparency in an industry known for secrecy.  It is very common in the beauty/skincare industry to be secretive about ingredients and not share with consumers what they are putting on their body. At Oleolive, we are changing that.  We strongly value transparency and will not compromise our customers’ trust for profits.

Oleolive LLC also strives to provide unadulterated natural products to consumers.  That’s why we’ve chosen to use extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) as the main component of SUPER-OLI.  There are over 200 natural compounds in EVOO, and below you will find an introduction to the most important compounds in SUPER-OLI.  We have explained some of the potential benefits and pitfalls of these compounds (obviously, the pros significantly outweigh the cons).

We want to gain your trust through transparency and education and assure you that our products are exactly as they appear.  No funny business.

Phenolic Compounds

Phenolic compounds are classified as such due to the presence of a phenol, or benzene, ring within their molecular structure (as indicated by the gold arrows in Figure 1).  The last two decades have seen a substantial increase in scientific research focused on phenolic compounds (Figure 2) due to the increasing evidence of biological activities demonstrated by phenolics.  Extra virgin olive oil (EVOO) is a natural source of many phenolics, and farmers are finding ways to increase the phenolic content of their olives to generate healthier, more beneficial EVOO.  The most abundant phenolic compounds in EVOO are typically hydroxytyrosol, tyrosol and oleuropein aglycone (Figure 1) which have been shown to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. 

Phenolic Compounds found in Extra Virgin Olive Oil and SUPER-OLI

Figure 1

Oleocanthal (Figure 1) is one of the most popular phenolics due to studies showing its effects on inflammation and even Alzheimer’s Disease, but EVOO typically contains low concentrations of oleocanthal.  Few olive growers have been able to enhance the oleocanthal content in EVOO, so acquiring impactful levels of oleocanthal through EVOO consumption can be difficult and expensive.  Oleolive, however, has discovered a process that concentrates the levels of oleocanthal making it more available to you.  Other phenolics in EVOO include caffeic acid, vanillic acid, vanillin, coumaric acid, ferulic acid, luteolin, pinoresinol and apigenin, among others.

Increase in phenolic compound publications over the past 20 years

Figure 2

Non-Phenolic Compounds

Fatty Acids

Fatty acids are a class of compounds that have long carbon chains with a carboxylic acid group (as indicated by the gold boxes in Figure 3).  Fatty acids can be classified as saturated and unsaturated which refers to the single or double bonds between carbons (as indicated by the dark and light green boxes, respectively, in Figure 3).  Saturated fatty acids are known to contribute to health problems such as heart disease.  EVOO contains relatively low amounts of saturated fatty acids when compared to other fats, such as coconut oil and butter. 

Oleic Acid and Linoleic Acid chemical structure

Figure 3

Oleic acid (Figure 3) is a monounsaturated fatty acid and is the most common fatty acid in EVOO and in nature.  It is often used in cosmetic formulations to enhance skin penetration of cosmetic ingredients.  Linoleic acid (Figure 3) is a polyunsaturated fatty acid in EVOO that is gaining popularity as a cosmetic ingredient due to accumulating evidence that it has anti-inflammatory, anti-acne and moisture retentive properties.  Some of the other fatty acids known to be in EVOO include myristic acid, palmitic acid, palmitoleic acid, heptadecanoic acid, stearic acid, linolenic acid, arachidic acid, eicosanoic acid, behenic acid and lignoceric acid.

 

Hydrocarbons

Hydrocarbons are what they sound like – compounds made entirely from hydrogen and carbon, two of the most basic elements in nature.  Most of us use hydrocarbons in our daily lives.  For example, hydrocarbons are well-known for their use in aerosol sprays, because they have been shown to be better for the ozone vs. chlorofluorocarbons, or CFCs.  

Squalene (Figure 4) makes up most of the hydrocarbons found in EVOO.  Squalene has been used in cosmetics as a moisturizer and is added to some flu vaccines to enhance the body’s immune response to the vaccines.

Squalene the most abundant hydrocarbon found in extra virgin olive oil

Figure 4

Aliphatic and Aromatic Alcohols

Aliphatic alcohols are like hydrocarbons, but the only difference is an alcohol group added to the hydrocarbon (as indicated by the green boxes in Figure 5).  Aliphatic alcohols can solubilize fats, such as those found in EVOO, and some studies have shown anti-bacterial properties of these compounds.  EVOO contains phytol and geranylgeraniol (Figure 5), in addition to other aliphatic alcohols.  These compounds are molecular intermediates that can be used for synthesis of vitamins E and K.

Geranylgeraniol and Phytol Chemical Structure

Figure 5

Aromatic alcohols are similar in composition to aliphatic alcohols, but now the compound contains a cyclic group (as indicated by the green arrows in Figure 6).  Aromatic alcohols are structurally distinct from phenolics, because the alcohol group is not directly attached to the aromatic ring, as is the case for phenolics.  Benzyl alcohol and phenylethyl alcohol are examples of naturally occurring aromatic alcohols that have a pleasant aroma and are commonly found in essential oil extracts.  As with some essential oils, these compounds can cause skin irritation in some individuals, so consumers should test products containing these compounds on a small area of their skin before routine use.

Figure 6

Sterols

The most popular sterol is arguably cholesterol, which we now know comes in the “good” form and the “bad” form.  EVOO does not contain cholesterol, but it does have other sterols that may help lower bad cholesterol levels when ingested (SUPER-OLI is not for consumption) by blocking cholesterol absorption by the body.  β-sitosterol (Figure 7) is a component of EVOO that is sometimes applied to skin for treating wounds or burns and is found in foods endorsed by the FDA to reduce the risk of coronary heart disease.  Stigmasterol, clerosterol and campesterol are other plant sterols in EVOO that have also been found to lower bad cholesterol levels.

Beta sitosterol

Figure 7 

Pigments

Pigments are compounds that are responsible for the colors that we see.  The signature green-gold color of EVOO is due to the presence of chlorophylls and carotenoids, respectively. Chlorophylls are most recognized as playing a role in photosynthesis in plants, but chlorophylls can also be used to enhance wound healing, to reduce bad breath and to mitigate odors from colostomies.  Pheophytin A (Figure 8) is an abundant chlorophyll in EVOO that has shown evidence of anti-inflammatory properties.

pheophytin a structure

Figure 8

Lutein and β-carotene (Figure 9) are carotenoids found in EVOO.  Lutein is naturally found in the eye, affecting color vision, and has been shown to have antioxidant properties.  β-carotene is the primary source of dietary provitamin A which is also important for healthy eyesight.  Overconsumption of β-carotene can cause skin to look orange, but this is harmless and reversible.

Lutien and beta carotene chemical structures super-oli

Figure 9

Conclusion

In conclusion, SUPER-OLI is primarily comprised of EVOO.  EVOO is a wonderful natural oil that has tons of benefits in its native form.  Scientists are increasingly studying the biological effects of phenolic compounds and Oleolive LLC research supports findings that phenolics, like oleocanthal, can have positive effects on health.  SUPER-OLI concentrates the phenolic compounds in EVOO to maximize health benefits associated with EVOO phenolic and non-phenolic compounds.